Annual ﬂooding has become a part of life in Anam. People travel throughout the region from farm to market on the rivers by canoe to conduct trade. They respond to the natural hydrological systems for their survival and have innovated many solutions for managing their resources during the ﬂoods. On farm settlements, farmers build ﬂexible farm storage and construct mounds near their housing for protection.
The wetland condition resulting from the ﬂoods are a critical contributor to regional biodiversity and ecological strength.The seasonal ﬂoodwaters serve as a natural irrigation and deposits nutrient-rich sediments on to farmlands. However, increasing population and urbanization creates pressure on the hydrologic system in this riverine area. Conventional development causes wetland areas to be reduced, which damages water supply and quality. A depleted ﬂood plain also increases risk of ﬂooding in other areas of the region as water rushes in during the rainy season, contributing to aggressive erosion. International research on climate change issues also demonstrate that vulnerable areas such as Anam will be at even greater risk as water levels rise.
The design of ANAM CITY takes an ecological approach to urban development that manages nature and civilization, such that neither is compromised. The city will preserve and enhance 85% of the existing wetlands, while urban infrastructure will follow low-impact guidelines so that stormwater can actually complement the city’s design. The result is an emerging wetland and riverfront edge that will mitigate any human impacts and allow for the long term stability of both the community and ecological systems. The Anam culture of canoe transport is also integral to the urban design framework for the city, which will address the Ezichi River for its primary access points.